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Report
28.02.2024

The goal of this project is twofold: a) to gain knowledge on the potential environmental impact of competing products to biovanillin from Borregaard, based on publicly available and documented data for the competing products, and b) to educate Borregaard’s partners and customers on the sustainability of Borregaard’s biovanillin. Hence, the study shall support comparative assertions intended to be disclosed to the public. The following competing products have been considered:

– Guaiacol vanillin manufactured from fossil raw materials in USA;

– Guaiacol vanillin manufactured from fossil raw materials in France;

– Guaiacol vanillin manufactured from fossil raw materials in China;

– Eugenol vanillin manufactured from clove/eugenol in Indonesia;

– Eugenol vanillin manufactured from clove/eugenol in China.

The comparison to the considered competing products has been performed on a kg-to-kg basis and the following have been found: 

  • The total climate change burden (GWP-total) for Borregaard’s biovanillin is, per kilogram, much lower than for the considered competing products.
  • The considered competing eugenol-vanillin products present a higher contribution to GWP-total than guaiacol-vanillin products. 
  • The contribution to GWP-total for eugenol and guaiacol is mostly linked to the energy requirements associated with the synthesis to vanillin and therefore, the choice of electricity mix plays an important role for the climate change results.
  • For the other indicators, the competing product eugenol-vanillin produced in Indonesia with eugenol extracted via hydrodistillation technique is the one that presents the worst environmental performance. Borregaard’s biovanillin presents a much lower contribution to the considered environmental indicators than the assessed competing products.
  • The energy and chemical requirements considered in this study for both eugenol and guaiacol-vanillin production pathways are based on laboratory and pilot-scale studies and therefore, have associated a significant level of uncertainty. This may affect results and the ranking between products.

The study is carried out using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology according to the ISO-standards 14040/44 (ISO 2006, ISO 2006). The study has been reviewed by PhD Fredrik Johnsen through an external critical review.

Any interpretation of the study that makes a comparison of the environmental profile against specific products is not compatible with the critical review process of the study.

Prosjekt
15.02.2024

NORSUS is a member of the ETAG consortium (European Technology Assessment Group), led by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), who recently won a tender bid to the European Parliament’s STOA panel (Panel for the Future of Science and Technology). The project will advise the European Parliament on The role of R&I in ensuring a safe and sustainable supply of Critical Raw Materials in the EU. The project group is led by Fraunhofer ISI, and consists also of the Austrian Academy of Sciences Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA).

The project will build on the new European Critical Raw Materials Act and will assess different policy options related to research and innovation to support the implementation of the Act.

The report from the project will be presented to the European Parliament in the beginning of July this year.

Prosjekt
04.10.2023

The project SynoProtein (Carbon capture from syngas to Single Cell Protein (SCP) and use as fish feed Ingredient) started on September1st and it will end by March 2028.

Synoprotein is funded by the Horizon Europe programme under the call-JU-CBE-2022 (Circular Bio-based Europe Joint Undertaking).

The project’s coordinator is WAI ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS. WAI is a Norwegian technology company developing and implementing environmental technologies within wastewater treatment, bio-sludge treatment, nutrients and resources recovery, hazardous waste and soil remediation and aquaculture.

The main objective of SynoProtein is to develop and demonstrate a novel carbon-negative process that enables high value creation from sawmill by-products through carbon capture and use (CCU). The aim is to establish a sawmill by-products valorisation process in a continuous flow system at a pilot scale with a production capacity of 5 kg/day for Single Cell Protein (SCP) and biochar each (dry weight). Innovative processes are developed using forest residues to be converted to single cell protein for fish feed ingredients as alternative to the traditional climate and energy intensive soybean and resource-limited wild fish protein production and to biochar production for animal feed.  11 partners from four different European countries (Norway, Denmark, Sweden, and Germany) are part of the consortium representing industry, academia, and research institutes. For more information about the project see: https://www.cbe.europa.eu/projects/synoprotein

NORSUS is responsible for assessesing the potential environmental and social impacts of the novel SynoProtein solution by using environmental and social Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodologies. Data will be collected in the consortium from lab scale to pilot plant and published by the end of the project in European platforms. Comparison with the state-of-the-art of the technologies will also be established. Several environmental impact categories such as climate change, water scarcity, resource scarcity and biodiversity will be investigated. In addition, NORSUS will use the Responsible Research & Innovation (RRI) framework and will employ methods for involving the public in the development of the Synoprotein biobased value chains.

We acknowledge that the project is supported by the Circular Bio-based Europe Joint Undertaking (CBE-JU) and its members under Grant Agreement No. 101112345.

News items
01.10.2023

The project SynoProtein (Carbon capture from syngas to Single Cell Protein (SCP) and use as fish feed Ingredient) started on September1st and it will end by March 2028.

Synoprotein is funded by the Horizon Europe programme under the call-JU-CBE-2022 (Circular Bio-based Europe Joint Undertaking).

The project’s coordinator is WAI ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS. WAI is a Norwegian technology company developing and implementing environmental technologies within wastewater treatment, bio-sludge treatment, nutrients and resources recovery, hazardous waste and soil remediation and aquaculture.

The main objective of SynoProtein is to develop and demonstrate a novel carbon-negative process that enables high value creation from sawmill by-products through carbon capture and use (CCU). The aim is to establish a sawmill by-products valorisation process in a continuous flow system at a pilot scale with a production capacity of 5 kg/day for Single Cell Protein (SCP) and biochar each (dry weight). Innovative processes are developed using forest residues to be converted to single cell protein for fish feed ingredients as alternative to the traditional climate and energy intensive soybean and resource-limited wild fish protein production and to biochar production for animal feed.  11 partners from four different European countries (Norway, Denmark, Sweden, and Germany) are part of the consortium representing industry, academia, and research institutes. For more information about the project see: https://www.cbe.europa.eu/projects/synoprotein

NORSUS is responsible for assessesing the potential environmental and social impacts of the novel SynoProtein solution by using environmental and social Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodologies. Data will be collected in the consortium from lab scale to pilot plant and published by the end of the project in European platforms. Comparison with the state-of-the-art of the technologies will also be established. Several environmental impact categories such as climate change, water scarcity, resource scarcity and biodiversity will be investigated. In addition, NORSUS will use the Responsible Research & Innovation (RRI) framework and will employ methods for involving the public in the development of the Synoprotein biobased value chains.

We acknowledge that the project is supported by the Circular Bio-based Europe Joint Undertaking (CBE-JU) and its members under Grant Agreement No. 101112345.


Project teams at NORSUS:

News items
02.09.2021

On the final day of the SYLFEED project, one of our research managers, Andreas Brekke, presented the environmental performance of a protein fish feed ingredient made from beech. The project is managed and owned by the French technology company Arbiom and has included partners from Iceland, Sweden, Belgium, and the Netherlands, in addition to France and Norway. NORSUS has scrutinised the environmental performance of the life cycle of the protein, SylPro®, from the harvesting of wood in the forest to the feeding of the fish in the water. Results from this life cycle has been compared to other protein sources, like soy protein concentrate, fish meal, rape seed meal, and more novel sources like insect meal and bacterial protein meal. The compilation and analyses of data and models for the other protein sources have been an important part of the project. The LCA work in the project has used the newest methods for characterising impacts connected to land and water use and NORSUS has contributed to increased knowledge on how they can be used and results interpreted. The final webinar will soon be published on the project website www.sylfeed.eu

News items
17.08.2021

Senior research scientist Ingunn Saur Modahl has accepted to be part of the board for the newly established CCUS Norge / CCUS Norway.

CCUS Norway is a non-commercial member association, and the goal is to build competence and share experiences regarding environmental and resource issues connected to capture, use and storage of CO2. CCUS Norway is scientific oriented, and aims at contributing to a better climate and establishing green jobs. CCUS Norway will implement projects and act as a national center for CCS/CCUS competence. Membership is open for all, and is especially targeted towards industrial companies, technology suppliers, consultants, researchers and academia. The founders of CCU Norway are Borregaard, FREVAR, Kvitebjørn Bio-El, IFE, Østfold Energi, NORSUS, Sarpsborg Avfallsenergi, Biobe, Borg Havn and Stormkast Utvikling, and the first board meeting was held Monday 16th August 2021.

Report
07.07.2021

This report is a delivery of the project Industrial CCS cluster at Øra and regionally, supported by CLIMIT.
The emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) from human activities is one of the most important environmental issues of the twenty first century. The largest source of GHG is carbon dioxide, which has increased tremendously in the last decades, mainly due to fossil fuels combustion for power generation and automotive transportation. CCS (carbon capture and storage) is a way of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by capturing and subsequently storing the carbon dioxide (CO2) permanently. CCU (carbon capture and utilization) represents a way of recycling the carbon in the captured CO2 by converting it to fuels or other products. The acronym CCUS describes systems including both utilization and storage of captured CO2.
This study has analysed systems for CCS (carbon capture and storage) and CCU (carbon capture and utilization) and compared these with their respective reference scenarios. The study has been carried out using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology according to the ISO-standards 14044/48 and guidelines provided for CCU value chains. The LCAs have been performed for two industrial cases: Norske Skog Saugbrugs, a paper production plant, and Sarpsborg Avfallsenergi (SAE), a waste to energy (WtE) plant

News items
21.06.2021

The project SYLFEED, sponsored by the Horizon 2020 programme in the EU, where the French technology company develops a process for producing proteins from wood, and where NORSUS is investigating and documenting the process‘ environmental performance, is reaching its final stage. Three webinars are planned to summarise the findings from the project and they are avaliable to all who want to learn about: 1) the scale up of Arbiom‘s production process; 2) the performance of the protein for aquaculture; and 3) the environmental performance of the protein compared to other protein sources. Read more on the webinars and sign up on the project website or through social media: Twitter and Linkedin.

Report
01.03.2021

This report is a part of the DGRADE project, funded by the Norwegian Research Council and Handelens Miljøfond. It presents the status of ongoing development of the LCA methodology with respect to plastic littering issues and how plastic products can be eco-designed for the avoidance of littering.

This report first summarises knowledge regarding littering, the reasons for it and its consequences. Thereafter, the inclusion of littering within the current LCA methodology and on-going work is described. Finally, a summarised literature review and synopses of research into the littered environment is presented, laying the foundation of eco-design tips for singe use plastic products for the avoidance of littering. The literature review comprises issues such as the amount, composition and location of the litter; research on the litterer, including social, demographic and behavioural factors; and research concerning littered items with reference such as size, form or design, which might influence littering. The literature review forms the basis for identifying independent considerations with respect to the littering potential of a specific item or product group.

The report concludes with suggestions, pointers and advice concerning eco-design, as a contribution to the work on the reduction of littering of single use plastic articles. These suggestions do not apply solely to single use articles and can be relevant in the case of many other product types.

News items
02.12.2020

November 30, the TV program Sirkel-TV went live at Cnytt.no, a website dedicated to circular economy. Prime Minister Erna Solberg was interviewed about her views an circular economy and the program presented various circular economy projects, from Tromsø in the north of Norway to Fredrikstad in the south. NORSUS and Norwegian Center for Circular Economy (NCCE) both contributed by presenting the project Sustainable Innovation through Industrial Symbioses, funded by the Oslofjord Regional Research Fund.